Forensic nursing is a relatively new specialty within the nursing field that allows medical care and the law to intersect. Forensic nurses may treat patients and individuals involved in crime and sexual assault incidents, as well as assist in evidence collection and death investigations.

Victims of violence and abuse require care from a health professional who is trained to treat the trauma associated with the wrong that has been done to them—be it sexual assault, intimate partner violence, neglect, or other forms of intentional injury. Forensic nurses are also a critical resource for anti-violence efforts. They collect evidence and give testimony that can be used in a court of law to apprehend or prosecute perpetrators who commit violent and abusive acts.