Physical evidence encompasses any and all objects that can establish that a crime has been committed or can provide a link between a crime and its victim or a crime and its perpetrator.Physical evidence also does not have to be a tangible substance. It can also be a print or pattern left at the scene. Trace evidence refers to evidence in very small amounts, which may be easily overlooked or lost if not looked for carefully and with the correct techniques employed.


  • Examination of Suicide Notes & Anonymous Letters.
  • Laboratory Examination of drugs and controlled chemical substances.
  • Laboratory Examination of Fire and Chemical residues in cases or arson, including petroleum products.
  • Laboratory Examination of Explosive residues and casing of detonators, etc., in cases of bombings.
  • Microscopic Examination of Fabrics (clothing and coverings) and fibres.
  • Examination of Prints and Impressions: Fingerprints, sole prints, tyre prints, etc.
  • Examination of Firearms and Ammunition.
  • Laboratory Examination of Powder residues, glass, paints and plastics.
  • Laboratory Examination of Soils, elemental analysis / mineralogy and metallurgy.
  • Analysis of Tool marks and Serial numbers.
  • Examination of Vehicle Lights and Glass parts.
  • Examination of Wood, pollen and other vegetative matter, incl. debris and other foreign materials in wounds and clothing.
  • Examination of Adhesives and dyes.
  • Examination of Ropes and cords.
  • Examination of Digital Devices fount at the Crime Scene.

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